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Sustainable energy supply in on- and off-grid systems


Sustainable energy supply in on- and off-grid systems is a 6 LP module including lectures, exercises, group work, homeworks and an exam. It consists of asynchron videos, synchron digital lectures, in-person exercises and group work. The module is offered every winter and summer term.

All lecture slides are given in English. Literature is given in English and German. The module will be taught in english. All students need to bring their own laptops for the modeling and simulation exercises. Experience in the programming language Python or at least high motivation for self-organized learning is required (Python basics will not be taught in this module).

The module is held in cooperation with Philipp Blechinger from the Reiner Lemoine Institute.

For any questions please contact .


The module is split into two integrated lectures, one focusing on on-grid and one on off-grid energy supply.

1. Energy Transition
2. Overview of renewable potential and technology options
3. Energy system flexibility
4. Economics and markets of renewable energies
5. Modeling, simulation, and optimization of renewable energy systems
6. Open Energy Modelling Framework (oemof)
7. System perspective on 100% renewable energy

1. Fundamentals of Energy Access and SDG7
    1.1. Introduction to SDG7 and impacts of energy access. Global figures on energy access
    1.2. Group work on measuring energy access
2. Electrification options (Grid extension, Mini-Grids, SHS)
    2.1. Description of technologies and typical characteristics
3. Demand and Ressource Assessment
    3.1. Demand Modelling
    3.2. Ressource Assessment
    3.3. Geospatial Information Systems
4. Mini-grids and island systems)
   4.1. Technical background
   4.2. Simplified modelling of mini-grid
4.3 Multi-Criteria-Analysis


At the beginning of the semester an mandatory introduction session is held. The module is limited by a maximum capacity of 20 students per semester. For all dates it is referred to the central course catalogue of the TU Berlin.

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